Materials and methods
ALPES is an archaeological research project which utilises the tools of modern scientific archaeology, and in particular landscape archaeology.
Fieldwork is carried out according to the methods of modern archaeological survey and excavation, calibrated according to the specific characteristics of mountain environments. The density of archaeology in the investigated territory has required the use of alphanumeric labels for recording each evidence: two letters to indicate the municipality, a number and a letter to characterise the evidence (e.g.: MZ001S is the first structure, S, found in the municipality of Mezzana, MZ).
All the data are managed using computer software and incorporated into a GIS (Geographic Information System) platform, to facilitate their maintenance and enable spatial analysis. Laboratory work includes the study and scientific analysis of material culture, palaeobotanical and geoarchaeological analysis (including the analysis of thin sections through archaeological micromorphology) and radiocarbon dating. These invesigations are complemented by ethnoarchaeological research, consisting in interviews to local communities and reconstructions of mobility and land-use before the abandonment of high pastures, between the 1960s and the 1970s.